Barcelona is the central province of Catalonia, which is situated in the north-eastern part of Spain. It has three well-defined geographical areas:
The fine-grained sand of the wide beaches along the coast is bathed by the waters of the Mediterranean. These beaches extend from the northern town of Malgrat de Mar to Cubellas in the south. Very important tourist centers can be found along this coast including Calella de la Costa, Cabecera del Maresme, Arenys de Mar, Castelldefels and Sitges. It is an area of Spain in full tourist development with excellent communication links with the capital of the province and with the rest of Catalonia. The city of Barcelona is the second biggest in Spain with a cultural and commercial life only comparable to the largest European cities.
The interior of the province runs from de mountains of Montseny and the region of Osona to the Valleys of Llobregat, l’Anoia and Foix. This is the area of large industrial centers such as Sabadell, Tarrassa, Manresa and Igualada, intensely active cities with a very rich history.
And lastly there is Berguedà, the pre-Pyrenean area of the province which borders on the Cadí Mountain Range and d’Ensisa. it is an area of reservoirs and high mountains with a few skiing resorts such as Rasos de Peguera and beautiful countryside such as that around Pedraforca, Coll de Pal, Puigilansada, Castellar de Nung and Balsareny.
The climate of the province is moderate in the first two zones due to the Mediterranean, and protected in the Berguedà zone due to the large pre-Pyrenean mountains that shelter it from the cold northern currents. This province produce wheat and fruit, and of special importance are the vineyards where wines are prepared in such places as Alella and Penedés. There are the best sparkling wines in Spain.
The monuments and museums of the capital are of great artistic wealth. Also of great beauty is the Gothic area, which contrart with the large parks and the newly built area of the city.